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230                         BYZANTINE CHURCHES                       CHAP.
and troubled reign.1 Beside him were burled his wife Irene (1450)2 and his three sons} Andronicus (i429),3 Theodore (1448),* John VI. Palaeologus (i448).5 Here also was placed the tomb of the Empress Maria of the house of Trebizond5 the fourth wife of John VII. Palaeologus ;6 and not far off was the grave of Eugenia,, the wife of the despot Demetrius and daughter of the Genoese Gatulazzo3 who had helped to overthrow John Cantacuzene and to recover the throne for the Palaeologi.7 As we follow to the grave this procession of personages so closely associated with the fall of Constantinoplcs one seems to be watching the slow ebbing away of the life-blood of the Empire which they could not save.
In 1407 John PalaeologuSj then heir-apparents added to the endowments of the church by giving it a share in the revenues of the imperial domains at Cassandra.8 It would appear that the affairs of the monastery about this time were not in a satisfactory state3 for on the advice of the historian Phrantzes they were put for settlement into the hands of Macarius, a monk from Mt. Athos.9
A protosyngellos and abbot of the Pantokrator was one of the ambassadors sent by John VII. Palaeologus to Pope Martin V. to negotiate the union of the Churches.10
The most famous inmate of the Pantokrator was George ScholariuSj better known as Gennadius, the first patriarch of Constantinople after the Turkish conquest. On account of his learning and legal attainments he accompanied the Emperor John VII. Palaeologus and the Patriarch Joseph to the Council of Ferrara and Florence in 1438, to take part in the negotiations for the union of Christendom. As submission to the . Papal demands was the only hope of
1 Phrantzes, p. 121.                              2 Ibid. p. 210.
3 Ibid. p. 134.                                       * Ibid. p. 203.
5 Ibid, p, 203,                                       6 Ibid. p. 191.
7 Ibid. p. 191.                                       8 Muralt, ad annum.
9 Phrantzes, p. 156.                              Ibid. p. 156